魁北克大剧院改造:粗野建筑的玻璃“外衣”

发布时间: 2022-09-22    浏览(442)

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△ 立面外观  ©Stephane Groleau

设计单位  Lemay+Atelier 21
项目地点  加拿大魁北克
项目时间  2019年

魁北克大剧院,因其由维克多·普鲁斯设计的粗野主义建筑而备受赞誉。剧院建于1970年,经年累月的水汽渗入,导致混凝土板和搭接部分严重松动。如今剧院需要进行大规模修缮,以保护及恢复其预制混凝土墙体,以及与之紧密相连的、由霍尔蒂·伯内特绘制的历史壁画。
Prized for its brutalist architecture by Victor Prus, the Grand Théâtre de Québec, inaugurated in 1970, required a major intervention to restore and protect its prefabricated concrete indoor and outdoor walls, as well as a historic mural by Jordi Bonet, intimately intertwined with them. Moisture infiltration had caused severe disintegration of the concrete panels and their anchors.

原始建筑中,混凝土的图案象征着魁北克平静革命的结束;而伯内特绘制的壁画,也是世界上最大的壁画之一。工程的脆弱性和无法直接触及连接处的问题,需要一个彻底性的解决方案。
The concrete icon reflects the end of the Quiet Revolution in Quebec; the Bonet mural is one of the largest in the world. The fragility of the work and the inability to directly access the anchors required a radical solution.

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△ 建筑原貌  By Malimage, CC BY-SA 3.0
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△ 改造后的立面外观  ©Stephane Groleau

创新的玻璃外壳设计,是对这一复杂问题的微妙回应。透明、简约、几乎无形,玻璃体作为原始建筑的外延,使用了同样精密的结构逻辑和组成方式;实际上,借助于Lemay的巧妙方案,粗野主义的线条与艺术叙事变得更加引人注目。

The innovative glass casing is a delicate response to a complex problem. Transparent, minimalist and almost immaterial, it acts as an extension of the original building, using the same finely tuned structural logic and composition; in fact, the brutalist lines and artistic narrative are even more striking, thanks to Lemay’s subtle solution.

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△ 改造设计分析  ©Lemay

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△ 改造后的立面外观  ©Stephane Groleau

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△ 立面细部  ©Stephane Groleau

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△ 支撑结构  ©Stephane Groleau
根据光线的不同,玻璃体量在有形与无形之间不断变幻,不时消隐着建筑的边界;显隐明暗间,谨慎且微妙地装点着建筑。玻璃体量由原始建筑形态放大而来,令混凝土的体量完好无损且清晰可见。

The glass can appear solid or immaterial depending on the light, sometimes blurring the boundaries of the building; it fades, disappears, reflects, illuminates, articulating the project discreetly and sensitively. Amplified according to the building’s morphology, it leaves the concrete masterpiece intact and perfectly visible.

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△ 建筑外观  ©Stephane Groleau

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△ 玻璃立面细节  ©Stephane Groleau

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△ 支撑结构细节  ©Stephane Groleau
玻璃外壳也体现出节能与经济特性。通过创建一个外置钢化玻璃外壳,并置入一个低流量的热循环系统,保护大剧院免受(环境)因素的影响。温湿度的恒定(影响室内乐器保存的关键因素),可使外部的混凝土板、集成的壁画及其支撑装置避免受到任何进一步的损伤。

Energy-efficient and economical, the casing shields the Grand Théâtre from the elements by creating a secondary, tempered envelope housing a low-flow heat recovery and thermal mass system. Resultingly constant interior temperature and humidity levels (crucial for preserving the musical instruments inside) spare the external concrete panels, their integrated mural and their supporting anchors from any further degradation.

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△ 建筑夜景外观  ©Stephane Groleau

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△ 玻璃立面细节  ©Stephane Groleau
此次提出的建筑系统,几乎都是为原有剧院“量体裁衣”,定制设计的。精致的钢结构和无数的组件,需要建筑师、工程师、建造专家和制造商之间展开紧张且持续的思考与协作。这一集众家智慧而得到的全新解决方案,也象征着魁北克文化的新行动。

The construction systems put forward were almost all custom-designed, with a delicate steel structure and myriad components requiring intense and sustained reflection and teamwork among architects, engineers, construction specialists and manufacturers. Together, they produced an entirely new architectural solution that heralds a new act for Quebec culture.

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△ 项目夜景  ©Stephane Groleau

完整项目信息

Studio Name: Lemay + Atelier 21
Design Team: Eric Pelletier, architect, Lead Design
Christian Bernard, architect, Lead Associate
Gabriel Tessier, Amélie Turgeon, Sarah Perron-Desrochers, Olivier Boilard, Paul Déry, Jean-François Doyon, André Dagenais, Mathieu Turgeon, Antoine Carrier, Jacques Berrigan, Marc Leblond, Élie Carrier, Pierre-Louis Chamberland, Nathalie Rocheford
Area: Québec city, Canada
Year: 2019
Location: 269 Bd René-Lévesque E, Québec, QC G1R 2B3
Client : Société du Grand Théâtre de Québec
Engineering: WSP
General Contractor: Pomerleau
Glass and fixture design engineering: ELEMA experts-conseils
Experts in materials engineering: SIMCO
Steel Structure : Métal-Presto
Lighting designers: Lemay & Atelier 21, Guy Simard et Lumenpulse

来源:有方空间

主页: 饕餮小妖怪    阅读原文

标签: 设计鉴赏 设计改造 旧房改造

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